L’égalité sexuelle et la crise de l’Universalisme français dans l’œuvre de deux voyageuses du XIXème siècle : Olympe Audouard et Hubertine Auclert
Copyright (c) 2021 Ylenia De Luca
Questo lavoro è fornito con la licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 4.0 Internazionale.
This article proposes to investigate how two 19th century French feminist traveling writers— Olympe Audouard and Hubertine Auclert — in the tale of their travels to the East, tried to circumvent the problem of sexual difference in the mission of civilizing other peoples. Both criticized the civilizing mission by calling it chauvinistic and misogynist so as to reveal how republican universalism had failed to resolve inequalities of sex and race. Despite their differing perspectives on French civilization and the plight of non-European women, Adouard and Auclert criticized the civilizing mission equally: recognizing the central role that the figure of the oppressed Eastern woman played in the justification of the civilizing mission, Audouard attempted to reveal how the orientalist discourse hid the subjugation of French women and Auclert condemned the hypocrisy of the French government in supporting the Arab woman as a justification for the civilizing mission.